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drunk drivers with the toughest d.w.i. law in the nation. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with katie couric. >> couric: and good evening, everyone. the confusion just keeps growing over those new guidelines for breast cancer screening. a federal panel said most women should start getting routine mammograms at age 50, not 40. but many doctors and the american cancer society disagree and today the secretary of health and human services added to the controversy when she seemed to keep her distance from the new recommendations. we'll be hearing from her in just a moment. but first, wyatt andrews in washington, where the issue has now spilled into the wider debate over health care reform. >> reporter: after days of confusion over the new mammogram recommendations, today came the politics. >> this is how rationing begins. >> reporter: several republicans
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including this group of congresswomen, called the new study a glimpse of the rationing and government interference that's coming under democratic health care reform. under the new guidelines, they said, insurance companies might stop covering routine mammograms. >> my fear is, yes, insurance companies will say every two years instead of every year. >> reporter: but most of the insurance industry disputes this because of one overlooked line in the report which says the decision to start regular biannual screening mammography before the age of 50 years should be an individual one. which for most insurance plans will mean if the doctor prescribes a mammogram, you're covered. >> my understanding is that coverage is not going to change for women under the age of 50. and that plans will continue to cover on the recommendation of a physician. >> reporter: some of the concerns being raised are not political. representative sue myrick of north carolina, a breast cancer survivor, simply think it is report is off base. >> my primary concern is the
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message it sends to women, that women will say, golly, i don't have to do this anymore. >> reporter: but the charge of mammogram rationing, that is political, with republicans hoping the anger over the guidelines might be used to help kill off health care reform. katie? >> couric: wyatt andrews in washington. wyatt, thank you. now to the health secretary's position on the new guidelines. kathleen sebelius put out a statement today saying "our policies are unchanged." so i asked the cemetery what women should do. >> our recommendations really are do what you've always done. read the task force report, but then talk to your doctor. >> couric: are you refuting the recommendations by this panel? >> well, we're not refuting them. it is one panel of scientists and health officials who have actually waded into an area where the recommendations have gone back and forth for years. so we think this is one more piece of evidence, it should be
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reviewed, everybody's health history is different, everybody's body type and family history is different. and those become the critical factors when you're looking for breast cancer. >> couric: well, doesn't this panel fall under the purview of the department of health and human services, which you run? >> actually, it's an independent group of scientists and advisors so they don't work for h.h.s., they are appointed independently they are doctors and health professionals who actually look at the evidence, make recommendations, but they have no policy making authority. we make the policy and we wanted to put out this statement today to first clarify that no coverage changes will be coming, a that medicare will continue to pay for mammograms, medicaid will continue to pay for mammograms and, frankly, i'd be stunned if private insurers change any coverage decisions. >> couric: why would you be stunned in how do you stop insurance companies from using the panel's recommendations that there's no blanket recommendation for women starting at age 40 to get a
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baseline mammogram? why would you think that private insurers won't take advantage of that and stop covering them? >> well, at least the statement issued today by the health plans indicated that if there was a doctor recommendation that a woman have a mammogram, they were likely to follow it. so i'm taking them at their word. i hope that's the case. what we want, what we snow that mammograms can be very effective. >> couric: republicans are already out there saying "let the rationing begin, this is what happens when bureaucratics make your health care decisions." what's your response to that? >> well, it's unfortunate the attempt is to first of all skew the data and secondly to make this a very partisan political debate. this is a panel, actually, appointed by president george bush, folks who have been on this group for a long time who were given the job of looking at a variety of services and making recommendations based on the science. but that's just what they've done. they don't make policy, they
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won't make policy. >> couric: it really sounds as if you're trying to distance yourself from them. >> well, i think, katie, knowing what's important, that the american cancer society has a set of recommendations the cohen foundation has a different set of recommendations, there are patient advocacy groups working on canneser who have supported this panel's finding and others who disagree with it. so we need to continue to do research. we need to look at the best evidence, but most importantly, we need women to talk to their health care providers. we need them to have an individual conversation on what's best for them at age 30 and 40 and 50 and 60. >> couric: kathleen sebelius, secretary of health and human services, thank you so much for your time. >> couric: >> good to talk to you, katie. >> couric: right that have broadcast, our dr. jon lapook will be answering questions about the mammogram controversy on our web site, go to in other news, attorney general eric holder took heavy fire from republicans as he appeared before the senate judiciary committee. justice correspondent bob orr
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tells us he was defending his decision to prosecute the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks in a federal court in new york city. >> reporter: a confident and combative attorney general eric holder today insisted the criminal justice system will handle accused 9/11 mastermind khalid sheikh mohammed and win a conviction. >> i have every confidence that the nation and the world will see him for the coward that he is. i'm not scared of what khalid sheikh mohammed has to say at trial. and no one else needs to be afraid, either. >> reporter: but senate republicans hammered the attorney general. >> i believe this decision is dangerous, i believe it's misguided. >> i think you've made a fundamental mistake here. >> reporter: republicans warned u.s. intelligence sources and counterterrorism methods could be compromised by public testimony. and arizona's jon kyl asks... >> how could you be more likely to get a conviction in federal
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court when khalid sheikh mohammed has already asked to plead guilty before military commission and be executed. >> the determination i make on where i think we can best try these cases is not depending on the whims or the desires of khalid sheikh mohammed. he will not select the prosecution venue, i will select it and i have. >> reporter: holder said there is ample evidence obtained outside of harsh interrogations to convict mohammed and his four accused henchmen. >> failure is not an option. these are cases that have to be won. >> reporter: opponents also criticized holder for moving this high profile case to a civilian court while leaving other terror trials to the military. if osama bin laden is captured lindsey graham asked, will he interrogated by the c.i.a. or read his rights? >> we couldn't turn him over to the c.i.a., the f.b.i. or military intelligence for an investigation on the battlefield because now we're saying he is subject to criminal court in the united states. >> reporter: but the most emotional moment for holder came
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as he was leaving the hearing. 9/11 family members like alice hoagland who lost a son on united flight 93 pleaded with him not to bring the accused terrorist to the u.s. >> we are heartsick and weary of the delays and the machinations and i am afraid that the theatrics are going to take over at this point and i very much regret that. >> reporter: holder says if the government somehow loses the case, khalid sheikh mohammed and the others would not be free, they'd be held in military custody as enemy combatants, virtually the same sat us the they now have. katie? >> couric: bob orr, bob, thanks very much. now turning to the president's trip to asia. he played tourist bundling up for a visit to the great wall of china. he called it magical. from there it was on to the final stop, south korea. before they left beijing, chief white house correspondent chip reid talked one on one with the president about a number of issues, including afghanistan. >> reporter: the president said he's now fine tuning his afghanistan plan, but an announcement is still several weeks away.
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i asked him how he can commit more troops to afghanistan when the new cbs news poll shows only 38% of americans support his handling of the war. >> i think it's important to make clear to the american people what our strategy is, how long we expect it to take, how much it will cost. and so part of my job is to make very clear why this is important and what exactly we're going to be doing. >> reporter: secretary gates has made clear he's furious about all the leaks. and with it playing out on the front pages of the paper everyday, some people say it makes you look indecisive. are you that angry about these leaks and do you think it makes you look uncertain? >> i think i'm probably angrier than bob gates about it, partly because... you know, we have these deliberations in a situation room for a reason. because we are making decisions that are life and death, that affect how our troops are going to be able to operate in the
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theater of war. for people to be releasing information during the course of deliberations where we haven't made final decisions yet i think is not appropriate and... >> reporter: is it a firing offense? >> absolutely. >> reporter: today the president is in seoul, south korea, only 30 miles from the border with north korea whose nuclear weapons program has been a key issue on this week-long trip to asia. >> the key from our perspective is to maintain international unity and keep ratcheting up the pressure. >> reporter: he said that's also his strategy on iran's nuclear weaponss program. asked how long he can keep repeating that for iran time is running out, he issued an ultimatum. >> i think we've been very clear that by the end of the year if we have not seen progress, then we are going to be taking some very severe steps. >> reporter: asked about the stress of the job, the president denied reports he's skipping meals and losing weight, but he admitted it's taking a toll. >> my hair is getting gray and it is the butt of a lot of
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jokes. you have a convergence of factors that have made this a difficult year not so much for me but for the american people. absolutely that weighs on me. whatever i visit walter reed or other military hospitals i see the incredible sacrifices that our young men and women are making. that is a heavy, heavyweight. but it's an extraordinary privilege as well. i wouldn't trade my job for anything. the way we describe it in the white house is we'd like to land some of these big planes right now. we've got a lot of traffic circumstanceling in the air and the runway is a little congested. >> reporter: those big planes, as he calls them, are health care reform, economic recovery, and his afghanistan plan and he sounded more than a little impatient about getting them all safely on the ground soon. chip reid, cbs news, seoul, south korea. >> couric: and coming up next here on the "cbs evening news,"
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cracking down on parents who drive drunk-- with their children in the car. with rheumatoid arthritis, it seems like my life is split in two. there's the life i live. and the life i want to live. fortunately, there's enbrel. enbrel can help relieve pain, stiffness, fatigue, and stop joint damage. because enbrel suppresses your immune system, it may lower your ability to fight infections. serious, sometimes fatal, events including infections, tuberculosis, lymphoma and nervous system and blood disorders have occurred. before starting enbrel, your doctor should test you for tuberculosis. also ask your doctor if you live in an area with a greater risk for certain fungal infections. don't start enbrel if you have an infection, like the flu. tell your doctor if you're prone to infections, have cuts or sores, have had hepatitis b, have been treated for heart failure,
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12,000 people last year, that's one fatality every 45 minutes. national correspondent jeff glor tells us the new york crackdown comes after a pair of horrifying crashes in which children were killed by drunk drivers. >> reporter: the bill is named after leandra rosado, an 11-year-old new york city girl killed in a tragic crash last month after a friend's mother allegedly drove drunk. lenny rosado lost his only child. >> one of my daughter's favorite holidays was christmas. and i know that they... i know that day i'm going to miss her a lot. >> reporter: land leandra's law gives new york one of the toughest drunk driving punishment in the country. now an automatic felony to drive drunk with a child under 16 in the car, punishable by four years in prison, even for first-time offenders. >> this sends the message that drunk driving is not tolerated in new york. >> reporter: while men make up
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the vast majority of drunk driving cases, a recent report shows the number of women arrested for dwooi is up 29% over the last ten years. and studies show women driving drunk who cause fatal crashes are three times as likely to have a child under the age of 14 inside the vehicle. does this get people to stop drinking and driving? >> absolutely. >> reporter: the new york bill also mandates the use of what are called interlock devices for any convicted offender which require a breath test before a car runs. >> having this in your car for three to five years should teach you a lesson. >> reporter: one study found repeat drunk driving offenses dropped 65% among those with interlocks and wider implementation could save 750 lives a year: none of it lenny rosado knows will bring back his daughter. but when it comes to tough new drunk driving laws, he hopes leandra's loss will bring historic gains. jeff glor, cbs news, new york. to get out of those tubs? when we want. when we're in the mood.
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>> couric: for the second time this year, pirates attacked the cargo ship "maersk alabama" today off somalia. this time they were scared away by guards who fired guns and a device that emits an ear-splitting alarm. in april, the ship was hijacked and captain richard fill lens held hostage before he was freed when u.s. navy sharp shooters killed three of the pirates. back in this country-- or above it, anyway-- there was a spectacular light show this morning in the west. a surveillance camera caught a meteor as it streaked across the
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sky. scientists say it traveled at about 80,000 miles an hour and likely burned up before reaching the ground. and in washington, senator robert byrd of west virginia made history today. (applause) he's now served in congress longer than anyone, a total of 56 years, 320 days in the house and senate. >> my only regret is that my dear wife irma is not here to enjoy this moment with me. [ sighs ] whoo-hoo! remember when your friend kelly said she liked your hair color? oh. she lied. [ clang ] ugh! whoops!
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you see i don't live to live through anyone ever. so while everyone waits to see the next best this or an unbelievable that. here's the reality. there's no rerun when your living in the now. so while you tune in i'll be somewhere getting out. i live. i ride. i am. jeep. i felt this deep lingering pain that was a complete mystery to me. my doctor diagnosed it as fibromyalgia muscle pain and then he recommended lyrica. fibromyalgia is thought to be the result of over-active nerves that cause chronic, widespread pain. lyrica is fda-approved to help relieve the unique pain of fibromyalgia. and with less pain, i can do more during my day. how sweet is that? lyrica is not for everyone. tell you doctor about any serious allergic reaction that causes swelling or affects breathing or skin, or changes eyesight including blurry vision
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or muscle pain with fever or tired feeling. lyrica may cause suicidal thoughts or actions in a very small number of people. some of the most common side effects of lyrica are dizziness, sleepiness, weight gain and swelling of hands and feet. do not drink alcohol while taking lyrica. you should never drive or operate machinery until you know how lyrica affects you. if you think you might have fibromyalgia, ask your doctor about lyrica. >> couric: finally tonight, president obama's trip to china this week focused attention on the communist nation's remarkable transformation. from closed society to world economic power. china's been there before, back in the days of the silk road, the ancient trade routes that covered 5,000 miles through hot deserts and soaring mountains linking east with west.
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now a new generation of chinese entrepreneurs is working those same routes and making money as terry mccarthy discovered while traveling the silk road. >> reporter: historically, china has prospered when it has been most open. it's 30 years since former leader deng chao peng declared the country open for business with the west, creating a modern silk road that is again making china rich and more self-confident. >> ( translated ): i love u.s. dollars, they are the best! >> reporter: we met mou zhonghe driving part of the 5,000 mile long silk road that once linked xi'an to the shores of the mediterranean. like many chinese today, the 43-year-old father of two views the u.s. with a complicated mix of awe, envy, and the desire to be treated as an equal. >> ( translated ): the u.s. had better be worried about china's growth. we are competitors. >> reporter: we traveled to a
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remote oasis town in the western desert where we found wang yinxiang obsessed with a raisin cooperative 8,000 miles away in n fresno, california, who she sees as her biggest competitor. >> ( translated ): i want to be as big as sun maid. >> reporter: she started out managing a single gas station, now she runs one of the region's biggest raisin companies. she hasn't even been to the u.s. the ten-hour flight scares her. but she is determined to sell her raisins there and has read everything she can find about sun maid, the world's largest raisin producer. >> ( translated ): the u.s. is the most advanced country in the world. why wouldn't i want to break into a market? i want to overtake you! >> reporter: an ambition in stark contrast to some of her less adventurous ancestors. to prevent contact with foreigners, they built 5,500 miles of walls from the east coast to the town of jiayuguan, the midpoint of our journey.
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this is the end of the great wall, and in the days of the silk road, this was the frontier of china. to the west of here was barbarian territory where bandits constantly threatened caravans and where the chinese language was no longer spoken. instead of bandits, we met yang yongfu, an entrepreneurial wheat farmer who saw the wall not as an obstacle but a way to make money. he borrowed almost $600,000 of local banks to rebuild half a mile of the wall and then began charging tourists $4 to visit. do people think you're crazy? >> ( translated ): when i first started, people didn't understand what i was doing. >> reporter: now that he makes money, nobody is laughing at him anymore and the local government which has its own more engs pensive wall section, is trying to shut him down. he's fighting back, he won't criticize the government openly but he does say he admires the u.s. for its equality and democracy and shows off by reciting the names of u.s. presidents. >> obama, george bush, clinton.
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>> reporter: we ended our journey in kashgar, a muslim city that for 2,000 years has been a stopping point for travelers along the silk road. here we came across allen johnson from detroit. the 24-year-old moved to beijing four years ago to learn chinese. attracted by the romance of the silk road, he and his wife came here to open the gallery cafe. they fitted right into kashgar's ethnic mix. >> for a long history it's been a center of international mixing a melting pot. and it still is. i don't feel like i'm something new here. >> reporter: foreign merchants no longer come to kashgar on camel train, but the era of the silk road is still remembered in china as a time of growing wealth, flourishing culture, religious freedom and largely peaceful borders.
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precisely the kind of china that the united states would like to deal with told. terry mccarthy, cbs news, kashgar, china. >> couric: and that's the "cbs evening news" for tonight, i'm katie couric. thank you for watching, i'll see you tomorrow. for the latest news, go to good night.
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. "entertainment tonight" in high-definition. >> did you thing then, e

CBS Evening News With Katie Couric
CBS November 18, 2009 7:00pm-7:30pm EST

CBS News News/Business. Katie Couric. The latest world and national news. New. (CC) (Stereo)

TOPIC FREQUENCY Couric 15, China 10, U.s. 9, New York 6, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed 5, Spiriva 4, Kashgar 4, Katie 4, Afghanistan 4, Fibromyalgia 4, Washington 3, Cbs News 3, South Korea 3, Lyrica 3, Lowlights 2, Beijing 2, Asia 2, Seoul 2, New York City 2, Bob Orr 2
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